Why Choose Ruby on Rails over Python in Web Development?
Ruby and Python both are high-level programming languages which are widely used for developing websites and web apps. Both the languages have similarities in their appearance and structure while there lies a huge difference in their way of approach to solve problems.
Although it depends on someone’s personal preference what they feel more comfortable to write code with, there are some key differences between ruby and python which can bias someone to go along with ruby over python. Here we discuss some reasons why Ruby is better than Python in web development.
Both Python and Ruby came around in the mid 90’s where Python predates Ruby. The purpose of both the languages was to address the need of the programming community. They’re both object-oriented, dynamic, provides standard libraries and persistence support, both have interpreted scripting language unlike other compiled languages, but their philosophies are different. Ruby gives the freedom to choose multiple methods to solve the same problem where Python comes with only one approach. The web framework of Ruby, Ruby on Rails is more popular than Django of Python as a web development tool.
Ruby on Rails is used in websites like Airbnb, Hulu, Kickstarter, Groupon, and Github. Python is used for websites such as Google, YouTube, Spotify, and Quora.
Philosophy of the Languages:
Python and Ruby differ mainly in their philosophy. Ruby believes to be more elegant, expressive where Python prefers to be conservative and stable.
Ruby is designed to be infinitely flexible and empowering for programmers
It has an elegant web framework, happens to be more magical
It focuses on “human-language” programming
Gives programmers the freedom to adopt whichever approach they want to solve problems
Quick to embrace new things and more expressive
Very web-focused, tons of features out of the box for web development
Ruby uses blocks of code and provides many other features including fragmentation, hashable and unhashable types, and mutable strings.
Python takes a direct approach to programming
Ensures everything to be obvious to the programmer
There is only one best way to do something
Strict to the layout and indentation
Emphasizes in code readability and so, easy to learn
The language follows three core principles:
- Explicit is better than implicit
- Simple is better than complex
- Complex is better than complicated.
The use of whitespace is a prime example of Python’s “explicit” philosophy.
Thus for its explicit nature, it is relatively easy to debug and simple to learn as the syntax is very simple. Python is favored more in the academic and scientific perspective. New features are added slowly in Python which makes python developers somewhat conservative in their approach since they value stability over change.
Django and Rails are both frameworks that help to build web applications have similar performance as because Ruby and Python both are scripting languages. They both provide the concepts from MVC frameworks like models, views, controllers, and database migrations.
Rails is strongly opinionated, favors convention over configuration and this Rails convention allows to build web applications very quickly. It is very popular with startups as startups constantly pivot to new ideas and have to implement features very quickly. Rails allows fast prototyping and iterate quickly to change their products.
Ruby has a repository called Rubygems, lots of libraries can be used to add features to web applications.
Personal preference and goals are most important for someone in decision making. However, from the discussions on Ruby vs Python, we can come to a conclusion that Ruby is more preferable and enjoyable than Python for developing web applications. Python has a more diverse community than Ruby as it was used beyond many purposes beyond web development. Whatever is done in Python can be done with Ruby even in a more elegant way.